Monday, February 7, 2011

Thebottomless Party Kumar

Report from the "Tachi Uchi no Kurai course (kata with bokken)" in Dusseldorf

weekend 5 / 6 February 2011 was from Dusseldorf Hakushinkai the annual "Tachi Uchi no Kurai 太 刀 打 之 位" seminar. In 1988 the Hakushinkai Dusseldorf eV Iaido are taught.
Under the expert guidance of Sensei Horst Ehrhardt and support by Udo Snow White Sensei, two Days Tachi Uchi no Kurai the ten kata, the place of exchange and the necessary coordination exercises trained.

The Kumitachi Kata, which include Tachi Uchi no Kurai 太 刀 打 之 位, are a collection of partner exercises. Their primary function of the exercise of the sword movements, improve coordination, timing and spacing, they are not a combat training! The uniqueness of the pulses and counter-movements, the alertness of the partners and the accuracy of the movements are in the exercises in the foreground.
Initially practiced slowly and in time the processes can be very fast. The The goal is to "fuse" with the movements of the partner. Kumitachi is an important part of the Muso Shinden Ryu, as well as some other old schools. Concentration, mental sharpness, overcoming fear and understanding of distance are some of the things that are promoted during the Kumitachi, but also the understanding of space and time and their own position within these coordinates are constructed. The understanding of their own central axis of its own position and timing are crucial for winning a fight. Therefore should not be practiced Kumitachi with beginners. In the individual stages as well as in real combat, often several techniques such as "Daito and Shoto against Tachi" or Jujutsu and Kenjutsu techniques together.
In the Tachi Uchi no Kurai Kata there is no real commitment to teachers (Uchidachi - 打 太 刀) and students (Shidachi - 受 太 刀) as to be replaced after some pre-agreed repeats the "roles" and contrary to every kata the trainees the clockwise each move one place to the right. This ensures that training is not always the same partner each other. However, are the "teacher" (superior graduate) at the beginning of the Kamiza page, so the last form, which is actually no real Kata, also called "Place Change". The "space shift" is in a controlled form of struggle of the place if necessary as changed, so that at the end of the exercise of the higher-graded back to the Kamiza-side is that at the end of the exercise to avoid running around uncontrolled.
The teacher will always, always have the first beat and offers out of the openings on superiority and control the action. The student always executes the last shot, who then declared the "winner". The teacher "lost" forever, "gives himself to" the student. It is used in the Kata but not on the "winning", but a clean and smooth as possible execution of the techniques. Again, "Practice slowly lerne schnell. Übe schnell, lerne langsam! "
Tachi Uchi no Kurai place 太刀打 Department
(10 Kata stehend Daito gehen Daito)
  1. Deai Deai erste Begegnung
  2. Tsukekomi Provisions included Vorteil ziehen
  3. Ukenagashi empfangen und abfließen lassen
  4. Ukekomi 請流 請込 empfangen und reingehen
  5. Tsukikage Mondschatten
  6. Suigetsutō moon sword Suigetsu Stich in den Solarplexus
  7. Zetsumyoken exquisite sword vortreffliches Schwert (unvergleichliches Schwert)
  8. Dokumyoken strange sword Doku Sword of unique splendor (wondrous sword)
  9. Shinmyoken 心 明 剣 the sword of the clear spirit
  10. Uchikomi 打 込 battle for the center
  11. to job
However, before the Kumitachi forms can be started must feel for the distance and control of the Bokken be trained. Given before each Kumitachi some special training exercises are performed.
is usually started with the "18 sections"

The 18 sections

The Bokken is (in contrast to ZNKR-Iai) carried horizontally to the left.

The distance between the two practitioners is another "no maai Issoku itto" ("One-Step / A-sword distance." This is the distance that can be taken from the enemy with a step or a step but its impact can be avoided.)

Mutual bowing.

Both draw their swords with simultaneous action with the right leg and take Chudan no kamae (middle position, Tsuka in about navel height, the tip (Ken) is aimed at the throat of the opponent) a. Intersect with the blade in the upper third.

The (passive) Practitioners picks up the Chudan no Kamae, brings his sword down from the side over the right shoulder and goes in a similar position Waki no kamae.
The (active practitioners) remains in Chudan no Kamae.
Hidari (left) and migi (right) is always on the side of the body with passive exerciser, so the partner is "cut" is.

applies for all sections that the active practitioner in the right leg has Hidari and Migi are front left leg.

When slide back, "Suri ashi (sliding foot - movement) remain the feet of one another at the same distance.

is now out of this position Migi (ie right at the opponent) cut is the left leg forward. After the cut is zurückgeglitten that both feet back in the same distance from each other.

The first and the last section Shomen Tsuki are not traditionally counted, so there are 16 sections and 18 are not.
  1. Shomen - Shomen to Vertical section.
  2. Hidari Men - cut to the right temple.
  3. Migi Men - cut to the left temple.
  4. Hidari Kubi - cut to the right upper neck.
  5. Migi Kubi - cut to the upper left side of the neck.
  6. Hidari Yoko Kubi - cut right side of the neck, through horizontal neck.
  7. Migi Yoko Kubi - cut left side of the neck horizontally through the neck.
  8. Kesa Giri Hidari
  9. - Section through the Kesa.
    From top to bottom.
    Migi Kesa Giri
  10. - Section through the Kesa.
    From top to bottom.
  11. Kesa Giri Hidari Yoko - Section through the Kesa, the same section of the bottom to the top back.
    The right foot comes first and it is cut from top to bottom through the Kesa. Then the left foot is in the amount of the right foot (Parallel) and at the back of the right foot from the bottom to cut up by the Kesa.
  12. Kesa Giri Migi Yoko (Migi Kiriage) - section of the Kesa, the same section of the bottom to the top back.
    The left foot is paramount and it is cut from top to bottom, by the Kesa. Then the right foot is in the amount of the left foot (parallel) and at the back of his left foot from the bottom to cut up by the Kesa.
    From here goes the passive exerciser in Jodan no kamae (upper management). The blade is held above the head, with about 40 - 50 degrees backward inclined tip).
  13. Hidari kote - Cutting left Wrist.
  14. Migi Kote - cut right wrist.
  15. Hidari do - cut below the left armpit of the passive student.
  16. Migi do - cut below the right armpit of the passive student.
  17. Hidari Suihei Do - Horizontal section below the belly button through the beginning (as in ZNKR Sogiri) of the left side of the passive student.
  18. Migi Suihei Do - Horizontal section below the belly button through the beginning (as in ZNKR Sogiri) of the right side of the passive student.
  19. Tsuki - The Suigetsu (solar plexus) with passive Kiai and immediate correction by the Practitioners.
Both practitioners go Chudan no Kamae and cross swords. Both run Yoko Chiburi, Noto and then bow.

It has been particularly slow to clean and techniques, and on safety. As in the "normal training mode" weekly Friday Kumitachi is practiced, most of the participants were familiar with the processes. But the visitors were quickly into the processes, there is always an "advanced" students as partners to the side. In two Sensei and ten students were ensured that any adjustment could be immediately applied and verified.
There were always co-ordination and editing exercises to strengthen the sensory understanding. Since
here Bokken Bokken meets it is important to learn to deal with this resistance. Also, both partners have to learn both their physical strength and with the pressure of the bokken handle consciously. Of course, this also keeping the correct Reiho. Right here in
Kumitachi, where suddenly a physically present "enemy" is present, show the "little quirks" that stand for Iaido training not so. Yes, the evil crooked hip because someone tipped sideways, forward or backward, the hands and / or arms too close to the body or too far from ... There was much to observe, learn and learn.
the end of the last day was be the performance of the individual Kata by participants. This was to then realize that trained the participants for the first time Kumitachi had learned a lot.
Semme and Maai will have changed significantly in the regular Iaido training. to miss an experience that none of the participants liked.

Both in Muso Shinden Ryu (MSR) and in Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu (MJER) there are two rows of the Kata "Tachi Uchi no Kurai" and "Tsumiai no Kurai" is named be. Both series consist of ten Kata. In some of They must defend themselves Shidachi by dragging, blocking or running a counter-attack, while the opponents in relation to other kata with drawn blades are available.
There are marked differences between the two ryuha in the implementation. The MJER forms are older and more combat oriented, while the MSR forms, apart from some technical refinements, are focusing more on the mental / psychological side. Both are very different from the Kendo Kata, which is not surprising, considering its roots.
The forms practiced today are probably relatively recent origin. Probably originally existed much longer form, which also Ju Jutsu Elements contained. The two rows of the MSF-Kata are about two hundred years old when they appear already in the Iai MJER. They are called "Tachi Uchi no Kurai" and "Tsumiai no Kurai", and carried out with partners. "Tachi Uchi no Kurai" is a series of ten Standkata and Tsumiai no Kurai "a series of ten Sitzkata
From the last row of seating technology" Tsumiai no Kurai "is known to be of Oe Masamichi Shikei (1852-1927), 6th Master of the Tanimura Ha have been introduced.
The MSR does finally a set of ten Kata, who under the name "Dai Ken Dori" is known. This set consists of six to Tachi Tachi Tachi and four against Kodachi Kata.
In the lineage des MSR von Nakayama Sensei finden sich ebenfalls einige Kumitachi Reihen, wobei es heutzutage sehr wenige Menschen gibt die sie noch ausüben. Zu den heute noch viel seltener ausgeführten Kumitachi Kata gehören neben "Tachi Uchi no Kurai place 太刀打 Department" noch: Kurai dori scale , Tsume iai no kurai National Iaido place packed, Daishō tsume small filling, Daishō tachi tsume 小立 large filling, Tsume no kurai place packed Department, Daiken dori take great search.

Weiterführende Informationen:

Link zu Artikel : Kumitachi - "Tachi Uchi no Kurai "&" Tsumeai no Kurai "

Some pages from a Japanese Qriginal the MSR variants of the" Tachi Uchi no Kurai "太 刀 打 之 位, and" Tsume no Kurai "诘 之 位 Kata.

link to Article: There Muso Shinden Ryu with Kumitachi Kata

Here there are links to two recordings of an introductory course in "Tachi Uchi no Kurai", from the 2007 performers are also here. Horst Erhard and Udo Snow White from Hakushinkai Dusseldorf:

Hakushinkai Dusseldorf eV
Frank Willems
E-mail: @ frank.wi
Phone: 02182-5785506

The "Tachi Uchi no Kurai" course is conducted annually. Upon request and with sufficient number of participants, a further date is possible. This requires the agreement.

Robert, Thanks for your help!


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